Bhimrao Ambedkar Biography | Who is B. R. Ambedkar?
Bhimrao Ambedkar was born on 14 April 1891 in a village called Mahow in Madhya Pradesh. Bhimrao Ambedkar was born into a very low caste. His caste is now Mahar. Before the constitution, there was a lot of discrimination against the lower castes. Bhimrao’s childhood name was Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar. His father’s name was Ramji Maloji Sakpal and mother’s name was Bhimabai.
Ancestors of Bhimrao, For a long time, he works in a British company. So, His father was an army officer in a British company. Bhimrao,s father always insisted on his children’s education. Ramji Sakpal retired in 1894. After 2 years, Bhimrao Ambedkar’s mother died. Because The responsibility of taking care of all the children reached their aunt.
Bhimrao Ambedkar Childhood :
As the situation worsens, three sons of Ramji Sakpal, Balram, Anadrao, and Bhimrao Ambedkar, and two daughters Manjula and Tulasha only able to survive. All other sons and daughters died.
Dr. Ambedkar had his early education in the village. They and their friends were not allowed to sit on par with other children in the class. The teachers did not even touch their books and copies. That he was low caste. Water for drinking is only by peons. Being of low caste, they used to give water from very high altitudes. In the absence of a peon, one has to remain thirsty.
By Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad of Baroda, Being a brilliant student of Bheem Rao Ambedkar, he was sent abroad to purpose higher education in 1913 after seeing the scholarship.
Intensively studied Sociology, Political science, Anthropology, Philosophy, and economic policy at Columbia University in America.
Because of untouchability in Amerika. So, he liked the people in America. Ambedkar read a research paper. he had written in the America seminar on “Indian ethnic division”. So, he was very much praised.
Bhimrao Ambedkar Wife and children:
Ambedkar had two marriages. He was first married to Ramabai in 1906. Then, she was 15 years old. Ramabai had a total of five children. In which only his elder son Yashwant lived long. All the other children died. Ambedkar used to be busier. So, he could not take care of his family. She fell very ill. So, Ramabai died in 1935.
For the next 13 years, he did not think of marriage and, studied barrister in England. The second wife’s name was Savita. She was a Doctor. But, Dr.B.R. was very sick. So, He married Dr. Savita in 1948. So, that they can take good care of him.
Indian Constitution Maker :
After achieving independence in India, apart from Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar, There was no other constitution maker. With the consent of all Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar was made the chairman, of the drafting committee of the constituent assembly.
It took a total of 2 years 11 months 18 days to prepare the constitution. So, it was fully implemented on 26 January 1950. Untouchability comes to an end with the constitution made by Dr. Ambedkar, which was he is the dream.
India’s first law minister :
After independence, on 15 August in 1947, the New Congress government came. In which Dr.Ambedkar was the first law minister of the country. Because they had talent. He left the post. Because their plan did not work.
Religion Change :
On October 14, 1956, Dr.B.R. Ambedkar and his supporters organized a formal public function in Nagpur Maharashtra. Dr. Ambedkar received Buddhism in the traditional way from a Buddhist monk. Because he is not want to die in Hinduism.
Dr. Ambedkar was suffering from diabetes. Because of being very sick. So, Dr. Bhimrao died on 6, December 1956.
List of Books :
- Castes in India-Thair Mechanism, Genesis and Development -1916.
- Mook Nayak-1920.
- The Problem of the rupee-1923.
- Bahiskrat Bharat-1927.
- The Annihilation-1939.
- Though on Pakistan-1940.
- Ranade Gandhi And Ginna-1943.
- Mr. Gandhi and Emancipation of untouchable-1943.
- What Congress and Gandhi have done to the untouchable-1945.
- Pakistan or Partition of India-1945.
- Who were the Shudras-1948?
- Buddha or Karl Marx-1956.
- Manu and the Shudras-…………
So, constitutional creator Dr. B.R. Ambedkar received the Bharat Ratna.On 31 March 1990. After his death. Baba Saheb had two best-selling books.
- A. Abolition of caste.
- B. Rupee Problem.
These books are related to the social structure of India. And, The economy of India.
Baba Saheb had his own library. In the Rajgarh. Which has more than 50,000 books. Because it is the largest private library in the world.
Baba Saheb had knowledge of 64 subjects. So, Baba Sahab had knowledge of Pali, Hindi, Sanskrit, English, French German, Farsi, Gujarati, and Marathi, Nine languages. Because he speaks all languages.
Poona Pact :
The Poona pact agreement was sing on 24 September 1932 in Pune jail.R.Jaykar, Tejbahadur, and Bhimrao sign on the Poona Pact. By the Poona Pact agreement, Dalite was Hindutva, But they were considered untouchables.
Therefore, Ambedkar announces a separate electoral college. So, Gandhi opposed a separate electorate for untouchables. He said that I am afraid, that, Thus the Hindu community is divide.
But, Bhimrao wanted a separate election. Gandhi was in Yarvda Central Jail. So, kept fast in jail and protested. So, Congress leaders like Madam Mohan Malaviya held a joint meeting with Ambedkar.
Meanwhile, in September 1932, Ambedkar, who was part of the Hindus, and Madam Mohan Malviya signed the Poona Pact on behalf of the Hindus. Thus the seats were divided in the electoral college.
Political Career :
In 1935, Ambedkar was appointed principal of Mumbai Law college. He held the post of principal for two years. After, the death of Mr. Kedarnath. Ramjash college served as the President of the University of Delhi.
Currently living in Mumbai witch was called Bambai in living, Established the independent labor party in 1936. Which led to the 1937 central Assembly elections. In which he got 11 and 3 seats.
In the book Annihilation of the caste published by Ambedkar on 15th my 1936, he strongly opposed Hindu Orthodox religious leaders. Ambedkar also served as the labor minister on the defense advisory committee and victories Council.
after 9140 of the Muslim Ling demanding Pakistan Ambedkar Road a book on Through on Pakistan. In which is analyzed. Baba Saheb said that, giving Hindus to Pakistan Muslims.
Ambedkar tries to organize the untouchables separately. Ambedkar turned his party into a scheduled caste Federation in view of the Shudra caste.